Nginx备忘录,开发人员应该知道的Nginx配置

Nginx是用于Web服务,反向代理,缓存,负载平衡,媒体流等的开源软件。在这篇文章中,我将提到我们经常使用的一些Nginx配置

image-20220218145255425

侦听端口

server {
  # Standard HTTP Protocol
  listen 80;
​
  # Standard HTTPS Protocol
  listen 443 ssl;
​
  # For http2
  listen 443 ssl http2;
​
  # Listen on 80 using IPv6
  listen [::]:80;
​
  # Listen only on using IPv6
  listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on;
}

访问日志记录

server {
  # Relative or full path to log file
  access_log /path/to/file.log;
​
  # Turn 'on' or 'off'
  access_log on;
}

域名

server {
  # Listen to yourdomain.com
  server_name yourdomain.com;
​
  # Listen to multiple domains
  server_name yourdomain.com www.yourdomain.com;
​
  # Listen to all domains
  server_name *.yourdomain.com;
​
  # Listen to all top-level domains
  server_name yourdomain.*;
​
  # Listen to unspecified Hostnames (Listens to IP address itself)
  server_name "";
​
}

静态资产

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
​
  location / {
          root /path/to/website;
  }
}

重定向

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name www.yourdomain.com;
  return 301 http://yourdomain.com$request_uri;
}
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name www.yourdomain.com;
​
  location /redirect-url {
     return 301 http://otherdomain.com;
  }
}

反向代理

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
​
  location / {
     proxy_pass http://0.0.0.0:3000;
     # where 0.0.0.0:3000 is your application server (Ex: node.js) bound on 0.0.0.0 listening on port 3000
  }
​
}

负载平衡

upstream node_js {
  server 0.0.0.0:3000;
  server 0.0.0.0:4000;
  server 123.131.121.122;
}
​
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
​
  location / {
     proxy_pass http://node_js;
  }
}

断续器

server {
  listen 443 ssl;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
​
  ssl on;
​
  ssl_certificate /path/to/cert.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key /path/to/privatekey.pem;
​
  ssl_stapling on;
  ssl_stapling_verify on;
  ssl_trusted_certificate /path/to/fullchain.pem;
​
  ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  ssl_session_timeout 1h;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
  add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000;
}
​
# Permanent Redirect for HTTP to HTTPS
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
  return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}

文章来自vishnu,特此记录一下

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